The men of this regiment were proud of the suggestive numerals in their regimental title, and by their gallantry and patriotism proved themselves worthy of the historic figures emblazoned on their colors. The Seventy-sixth was recruited in Cortland and Otsego counties in 1861, and arrived at Washington, February l, 1862. It was assigned soon after to Doubleday's Brigade, Hatch's Division. Its first battle was at Manassas, where the regiment under command of Colonel Wainwright was engaged at Warrenton Springs, Gainesville, and the other engagements incidental to the main one, sustaining a loss of 11 killed, 88 wounded, and 48 missing; total, 147. The Seventy-sixth met its greatest loss at Gettysburg. In the first day's battle on that field, it took 27 officers and 348 men into the fight, and in half an hour lost 32 killed, 132 wounded, and 70 missing; total, 234. Major A. J. Grover, who was in command of the regiment at Gettysburg, was among the killed. In March, 1864, the Seventy-sixth was assigned to Rice's Brigade, Wadsworth's Division, Fifth Corps. In the Wilderness, the regiment lost two color-bearers killed, and three wounded, its casualties in that battle amounting to 27 killed, 69 wounded, and 186 captured or missing; total, 282. General Rice, the brigade commander, was mortally wounded at Spotsylvania while leading the Seventy-sixth. A surgeon asked the dying general if he could place him in an easier position. Rice replied: "Yes, turn me so that I may die with my face to the enemy." The regiment was mustered out in January, 1865, its term of enlistment having expired. The reenlisted men and recruits were transferred to the One Hundred and Forty-seventh New York.
Photo above, from New York State monument at Gettysburg (Mike Brown photo)
Organized at Cortland and Albany, N.Y., and mustered in January 16, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., January 17, 1862. Attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, to May, 1862. Doubleday's Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to January, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty in the Defences of Washington D.C., till May, 1862. Duty at and near Fredericksburg, Va., till August. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 20-23. Battles of Gainesville August 2 Groveton August 29, Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. At Sharpsburg, Md., till October 29. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth and Belle Plains till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2. Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to January 28, 1865. Weldon Railroad August 18-21, 1864. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Hicksford Raid December 7-11.
Companies mustered out as follows: Companies "B," "F" and "K" July 1, 1864; Company "A" October 11; Company "G" October 20; Company "C" November 8; Company "E" November 18; Company "I" December 1, 1864; Company "H" January 1, 1865; Company "D" and Veterans and Recruits transferred to 147th Regiment, New York Infantry, January 28, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 161 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 156 Enlisted men by disease. Total 330.
This information came from Phisterer's New York in The War of the Rebellion 1861-1865, published 1909 by the State of New York, Vol IV pages 2790 and 2797.
SEVENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT OF INFANTRY
Cortland Regiment; Cherry Valley Regiment; Otsego County Regiment; Cromwellian Regiment
Colonel Nelson W. Green of Cortland received authority to recruit a regiment of infantry in Cortland County and commenced recruiting September 2, 1861, receiving some men from the counties of Allegany and Yates. About the same time Gen. George E. Danforth received authority to recruit a regiment in the counties of Otsego and Schoharie, with headquarters at Cherry Valley, to which regiment the 39th Militia furnished a large number of men. These regiments were moved to Albany, and being below the minimum number, consolidated into one, the 76th Regiment, with N.W. Green as Colonel, January 14, 1862. Companies A, B, C, D, E, F and G were formed of eight companies of the Cortland Regiment, and H, I and K of four companies of the Cherry Valley Regiment. One company, I, of the Cortland Regiment, and the companies of Capts. Nicholas Hanson and Nelson S. Bowdish, of the Cherry Valley Regiment, were organized as a battery and assigned as Batter M to the 3rd Artillery; Captain McNett's company of the Cortland Regiment was transferred to the 93rd NY Infantry, December 28, 1861. The newly formed regiment contained also men from the counties of Chenago, Madison, Tioga and Tompkins, and was mustered in the service of the United States for three years January 16, 1862. In May, 1863, it received the three years' men of the 24th and 30th NY Regiments of Infantry.
The regiment left the State January 17, 1862; served at and near Washington, D.C., in 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac from January, 1862; in the Military District of Washington from March, 1862; in Doubleday's Brigade, Department Rappahannock, from May 21, 1862; in the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in the 2nd Brigade, 1st division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1864; in the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 6, 1864; in the 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 25, 1864; in the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Corps, from August 1864; in the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 1864. Companies B,F, and K were honorably discharged and mustered out July 1, 1864; H January 1, 1865; detachments of these companies and Company D remaining in the field were, under Capt. Albert J. Jarvis, transferred to the 147th NY Volunteers January 28, 1865.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 7 officers, 111 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 52 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 165 enlisted men; total, 13 officers, 328 enlisted men; aggregate 341; of whom 56 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it took part in the following engagements.
On detached duty on gunboats 2 died - Queen of the West and Mound City
The 76th saw severe action in support of the Iron Brigade at Brawner's Farm on Aug 28, 1862 losing 30 men killed and 75 wounded. This was the prelude to the 2nd Bull Run. There worst battles were at Gettysburg where they had 234 total casualties and at the Wilderness May 5-7, 1864 when they suffered 282 total casualties. Spotsylvania cost them 52 total casualties and battles around Petersburg cost them another 154 total casualties. The unit saw severe action in most of the Virginia campaigns fought by the Army of Virginia and Army of the Potomac from 1862 to the end - its dissolution in January of 1865.
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last updated April 28, 2001